The Localism Act has empowered communities to shape the development and growth of their local area through Neighbourhood Planning, and essentially consists of three elements:
- Neighbourhood Development Plans - Communities can write a plan which, if passed, becomes part of the statutory planning framework for the area
- Neighbourhood Development Orders - Communities can agree to approve a particular development of type of development without the need for planning permission
- Community Right to Build - Communities will be able to develop land subject to doing the work and passing examination and referendum (via a Neighbourhood Development Order)
The Neighbourhood Planning Regulations 2012 set out the procedures for Neighbourhood Planning and Community Right to Build.